Moreover, climate change increases the vulnerability of agriculture and the existing models of natural resource exploitation will not keep up with the forecasted growth
Henceforth, one question arises: how to feed mankind in a sustainable manner?
The issue is made more complex by the fact that protein consumption is triggered by GDP. Indeed, the rising of the income level in the emerging countries goes hand in hand with a higher consumption of fish and meat.
Limited resources for key raw material
Animal feed production and especially aquaculture already have a deep impact on the planet’s natural resources. Indeed, animal protein production needs feed. This industry relies on two major commodities: fishmeal (an animal protein) that depends on wild catch fisheries, at a large extent, and soybean (a vegetal protein).
The crops of soybean, used as feed for animal protein production, human food, and biodiesel are also overstretched and assume the increase of land exploitation, i.e. the destruction of forests and biodiversity. In addition growing more crops will require more and more water. And water is going scarce in many parts of the world while it is today a geostrategic stake.
For the first time in history, every other fish consumed is farmed.
To keep up with the seafood consumption aquaculture is the only solution.
According to United Nations Food & Agriculture Organisation, over 76% of the world’s fish stocks are either fully exploited, overexploited, or depleted, hence no further supply can be expected from the oceans. Overfishing is damaging the world’s ocean ecosystem while fishmeal has remained stable despite ever-growing demand. The increased pressure on the demand together with diminishing global supply of forage fish underpinned a steady growth of commodity prices. Then, fishmeal cost increased three-fold in a decade, with associated rise in the prices for farmed fish.
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As such, finding new sources of protein, in a sustainable way, to supply this fast-growing industry is a critical challenge objective for industrial feed manufacturers and fish farmers.
Indeed, awareness of ocean stocks depletion has triggered a growing demand for farm-raised seafood produced in a more sustainable manner and particularly by reducing drastically dependence on fishmeal.
Insect meal is proved to be a very good fishmeal alternative and insects are part of the natural food chain and diet of fish and livestock.
Entofood insect protein production is an opportunity exploiting the ideal compatibility of economics and environmental concerns.
Entofood mainly focused on the aquaculture segment, which requires important volume of high quality protein sources.
Livestock, petfood, specialty feed and ornamental fish are also promising markets included in Entofood strategy.
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